Class 11 Physics Syllabus 2024-25 ICSE | Class 11 Physics Syllabus

ISC Physics Syllabus

After 10th it is very difficult to take decision for students and parents to select the stream which is best fit for them. Whatever it is very common to observe that guardians/relatives have the tendency to admit their childrens into the scince stream for higher desire. Then after selecting the science stream they have to choose the board. ICSE/ISC is the one of best Board to follow the almost perfect curriculum like CBSE.So now students have to face the one of the most hardcore subject – ‘PHYSICS’. In this blog we are going to discuss about the detailed syllebus of class 11 ISC.

There are two papers in Physics class 11 for ISC. One of them is based on theory and another one is based on Practical.Details are mentioned below:

Paper I (Theory) : This paper contains 70 marks for 3 hours of written exam duration.

Paper II ( Practical) : This paper consists of 30 marks. The number divisions are subdivisioned as below –

  • Practical (written) – 15 marks
  • Practical File(Manual) – 5 marks
  • Project work – 10 marks


ISC Physics Syllebus 2024-25
1 Physical World and Measurement
2 Kinematics
3 Laws of Motion
4 Work, Energy and Power
5 Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body
6 Gravitation
7 Properties of Bulk Matter
8 Heat and Thermodynamics
9 Behaviour of Perfect Gases and Kinetic Theory of Gases
10 Oscillations and Waves 10

ISC Class 11 Syllabus 

1. Physical-World and Measurement

(i) Physical World: Scope of Physics and its application in everyday life. Nature of physical laws.

(ii) Units and Measurements Measurement: need for measurement, units of measurement, systems of units: fundamental and derived units in SI, measurement of length, mass and time, accuracy and precision of measuring instruments, errors in measurement, significant figures.

Dimensional formulae of physical quantities and constants, dimensional analysis and its applications.


(i) Motion in a Straight Line

Frame of references, Motion in a straight line (1D): Position-time graph, speed and velocity. Elementary concepts of differentiation and integration for describing motion, uniform and non- uniform motion, average speed, velocity, average velocity, instantaneous velocity and uniformly accelerated motion, velocity – time and position – time graphs. Relations for uniformly accelerated motion (graphical presentation).

(ii) Motion in a Plane

Scalar and Vector quantities with examples. Position and displacement vectors, general vectors and their notations, equality of vectors, addition and subtraction of vectors, relative velocity, Unit vector; resolution of a vector in a plane, rectangular components, Scalar and Vector product of two vectors. Projectile motion and uniform circular motion.

3.Laws of Motion

General concept of force, inertia, Newton’s first law of motion; momentum and Newton’s second law of motion, impulse, Newton’s third law of motion.

Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications. Equilibrium of concurrent forces. Friction: Static and kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling friction, lubrication.

Dynamics of uniform circular motion: Centripetal force, examples of circular motion (vehicle on a level circular road, vehicle on a banked road).

4.Work, Energy and Power

Work done by a constant force and a variable force; kinetic energy, work energy theorem, power.

Potential energy, potential energy of a spring, conservative forces: conservation of mechanical energy (kinetic and potential energies), Conservative and non-conservative forces. Concept of collision: elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions.

5.Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body

Idea of centre of mass: centre of mass of a two particle system, momentum conservation and centre of mass motion. Centre of mass of a rigid body, centre of mass of a uniform rod.

Moment of a force, torque, angular momentum, laws of conservation of angular momentum and its applications.

Equilibrium of rigid bodies, rigid body rotation and equations of rotational motion, comparative study of linear and rotational motions.

Moment of inertia, radius of gyration, moments of inertia for simple geometrical objects (no derivation). Statement of parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications.


Kepler’s laws of planetary motion, universal law of gravitation. Acceleration due to gravity (g) and its variation with altitude, latitude and depth.

Gravitational potential and gravitational potential energy, escape velocity, orbital velocity of a satellite, Geo-stationary satellites.

7.Properties of Bulk Matter

(i) Mechanical Properties of Solids

Elastic behaviour of solids, Stress-strain relationship, Hooke’s law, Young’s modulus, bulk modulus, shear modulus of rigidity, Poisson’s ratio, elastic energy.

(ii) Mechanical Properties of Fluids

Pressure due to a fluid column; Pascal’s law and its applications (hydraulic lift and hydraulic brakes), effect of gravity on fluid pressure.

Viscosity, Stokes’ law, terminal velocity, streamline and turbulent flow, critical
velocity, Bernoulli’s theorem and its applications.

Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, excess of pressure across a curved surface, application of surface tension ideas to drops, bubbles and capillary rise.

8.Heat and Thermodynamics

(i) Thermal Properties of Matter: Heat, temperature, thermal expansion; thermal expansion of solids, liquids and gases, anomalous expansion of water, specific heat.

(ii) Thermodynamics

Thermal equilibrium and definition of temperature (zeroth law of
thermodynamics), heat, work and internal energy. First law of thermodynamics, isothermal and adiabatic processes.

Second law of thermodynamics: reversible and irreversible processes, Heat engine and refrigerator.

9.Behaviour of Perfect Gases and Kinetic Theory of Gases

(i) Kinetic Theory: Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done in compressing a gas. Kinetic theory of gases – assumptions, concept of pressure. Kinetic interpretation of temperature, rms speed of gas molecule, degrees of freedom, law of equi-partition of energy (statement only) and application to
specific heat capacities of gases, concept of mean free path, Avogadro’s number.

10.Oscillations and Waves

(i) Oscillations: Periodic motion, time period, frequency, displacement as a function of time, periodic functions. Simple harmonic motion (S.H.M) and its equation, oscillations of a spring, restoring force and force constant; energy in S.H.M., Kinetic and potential energies; simple pendulum and derivation of expression for its time period. Free, forced and damped oscillations (qualitative ideas only), resonance.

(ii) Waves: Wave motion, Transverse and longitudinal waves, speed of wave motion, displacement relation for a progressive wave, principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves, standing waves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode and harmonics, Beats, Doppler effect.

We hope students have found this information on the ISC Class 11 Physics Syllabus useful for their studies. Stay tuned.